学习啦 初中英语 初一下册所有必考语言点大放送(新人教版)


Unit1 Can you play the guitar?◆短语归纳

1. play chess 下国际象棋

2. play the guitar 弹吉他

3. speak English 说英语

4. English club 英语俱乐部

5. talk to 跟…说

6. play the violin 拉小提琴

7. play the piano 弹钢琴

8. play the drums 敲鼓

9. make friends 结交朋友

10. do kung fu 练 (中国) 功夫

11. tell stories 讲故事

12. play games 做游戏

13. on the weekend/on weekends 在周末


1. play +棋类/球类 下…棋/打…球

2. play the +西洋乐器 弹/拉…乐器

3. be good at doing sth.= do well in doing sth. 擅长做某事

4. be good with sb. 和某人相处地好

5. need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事

6. can + 动词原形 能/会做某事

7. a little + 不可数名词 一点儿…

8. join the…club 加入…俱乐部

9. like to do sth. =love to do sth. 喜欢/喜爱做某事


1. —Can you draw? 你会画画吗?

—Yes, I can./No, I can’t. 是的,我会。/不,我不会。

2. —What club do you want to join? 你想加入哪个俱乐部?

—I want to join the chess club. 我想加入国际象棋俱乐部。

3. You can join the English club. 你可以加入英语俱乐部。

4. Sounds good./That sounds good. 听上去很好。

5. I can speak English and I can also play soccer. 我会说英语也会踢足球。

6. Please call Mrs. Miller at 555-3721. 请给米勒夫人拨打电话555-3721。



Dear Sir,

I want to join your organization (组织) to help kids withsports, music and English.

My name is Mike. I am 15 years old. I’m a student in No. 1 Middle school. I can play the guitar well. I can sing many songs. I can swim and speak English well, too. I think I can be good with the kids. I also do well in telling stories.

I hope to get your letter soon.



Unit2 What time do you go to school?


1. what time 几点

2. go to school 去上学

3. get up 起床

4. take a shower 洗淋浴

5. brush teeth 刷牙

6. get to 到达

7. do homework 做家庭作业

8. go to work 去上班

9. go home 回家

10. eat breakfast 吃早饭

11. get dressed 穿上衣服

12. get home 到家

13. either…or… 要么…要么…

14. go to bed 上床睡觉

15. in the morning/afternoon/evening 在上午/下午/晚上

16. take a walk 散步

17. lots of=a lot of 许多,大量

18. radio station 广播电台

19. at night 在晚上

20. be late for=arrive late for 迟到


1. at + 具体时间点 在几点(几分)

2. eat breakfast/lunch/dinner 吃早饭/午饭/晚饭

3. thirty/half past +基数词 …点半

4. fifteen/a quarter to +基数词 差一刻到…点

5. take a/an+名词 从事…活动

6. from…to… 从…到…

7. need to do sth 需要做某事


1. —What time do you usually get up? 你通常几点钟起床?

—I usually get up at six thirty. 我通常6:30起床。

2. That’s a funny time for breakfast. 那是个有趣的早餐时间。

3. —When do students usually eat dinner? 学生们通常什么时候吃完饭?

—They usually eat dinner at a quarter to seven in the evening. 他们通常在晚上6:45吃晚饭。

4. In the evening, I either watch TV or play computer games.


5. At twelve, she eats lots of fruit and vegetables for lunch.


6. She knows it’s not good for her, but it tastes good.她知道它对她没好处,但是尝起来很好。

7. Here are your clothes. 这是你的衣服。



My School Day

I am a student. I usually get up at seven, and I eat breakfast at seven thirty. Then I go to school at eight. School starts at eight thirty. I eat lunch at twelve. I go home at 17:00. I often eat dinner at 19:00 and then play the piano. I do my homework at 20:00. At 22:00, I go to bed.

Unit3 How do you get to school?


1. get to school 到达学校

2. take the subway 乘地铁

3. ride a bike 骑自行车

4. how far 多远

5. from home to school 从家到学校

6. every day 每天

7. take the bus 乘公共汽车

8. by bike 骑自行车

9. bus stop 公共汽车站

10. think of 认为

11. between…and… 在…和…之间

12. one 11-year-old boy 一个11岁的男孩 13.

play with… 和…玩

14. come true 实现

15. have to 不得不


1. take…to…= go to…by… 乘…去…

2. How do/does sb get to…? 某人是怎样到…的?

3. How far is it from…to…? 从…到…有多远?

4. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间。 5. How long does it take to do sth.? …花费多长时间?

6. It is + adj. + to do sth. 做某事是…

7. Thanks for + n./Ving 感谢你(做)某事。


1. —How do you get to school? 你怎么去上学?

—I ride my bike. 我骑自行车。

2. How far is it from your home to school? 从你家到学校有多远?

3. How long does it take you to get to school? 去上学花费你多久?

4. For many students, it is easy to get to school. 对很多学生来说,很容易到达学校。

5. There is a very big river between their school and the village. 在他们学校和村庄之间有一条很大的河流。



写作思路:②开篇点题:点出自己的出行方式;②具体内容:自己选择这种交通方式的原因;③结束语: 表明自己的观点。

The Best Way for Me to Go to School

Different students go to school in different ways in our school, but I llike to go to school on foot.

First, I live near the school, so my home is not far from my school. And it takes me a few minutes to get there. Second, there is a crossing on my way to school, and sometimes the traffic is very busy. I think it is safer to go to school on foot. Third, I think walking is good for my health. It’s a kind of sport and it makes me study better.

So in my opinion, the best way to go to school is on foot. What about you?

Unit4 Don’t eat in class.


1. on time准时,按时

2. listen to…听……

3. in class在课上

4. be late for做……迟到

5. have to不得不

6. be quiet安静

7. go out外出

8. do the dishes清洗餐具

9. make breakfast做早饭

10. make (one’s) bed铺床

11. be noisy吵闹

12. keep one’s hair short留短发

13. play with sb.和某人一起玩

14. play the piano弹钢琴

15. have fun玩得高兴

16. make rules制订规则


1. Don’t +动词原形+其他。 不要做某事。

2. help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

3. too many +可数名词复数太多的……

4. practice doing sth.练习做某事

5. be strict with sb.对某人要求严格

6. be strict in sth.对某事要求严格

7. leave sth sp.把某物落在某地

8. keep+宾语+形容词 使……保持某种状态

9. learn to do sth.学会做某事

10. have to do sth.不得不做某事


1. Don’t arrive late for class.上课不要迟到。

2. Can we bring music players to school?我们可以带音乐播放器到学校吗?

3. And we always have to wear the school uniform.并且我们总是不得不穿校服。

4. There are too many rules!有太多的规则!

5. Don’t leave the dirty dishes in the kitchen!不要把脏盘子留在厨房里!

6. I have to keep my hair short.我不得不留短发。



Dear Tom,

Thanks for your last letter. You want to know the rules in our school. Now let me tell you about them.

We can’t arrive late for class. We can’t talk loudly in class. We should keep quiet. When we meet our teachers on our way, we should say hello to them. We can’t eat or drink in class, and we can’t listen to music or play games in class.

I think we have too many rules. What about yours? Please write and tell me.


Li Ming

Unit5 Why do you like pandas?


1. kind of有几分,有点儿

2. be from/come from来自于

3. South Africa南非

4. all day整天

5. for a long time很长时间

6. get lost迷路

7. places with food and water有食物和水的地方

8. cut down砍倒

9. in (great) danger处于(极大)危险之中

10. twelve years old十二岁

11. things made of ivory由象牙制成的东西


1. —Why…?为什么……?


2. let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

3. want to do sth.想要做某事

4. one of+名词复数 ……之一

5. forget to do sth.忘记要做某事

6. forget doing sth.忘记做过某事

7. help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事

8. be friendly to sb.对某人友好


1. —Why do you like pandas?你为什么喜欢熊猫?

—Because they’re kind of interesting.因为它们有点儿有趣。

2. —Why does John like koalas?约翰为什么喜欢树袋熊?

—Because they’re very cute.因为它们非常可爱。

3. —Why don’t you like tigers?你为什么不喜欢老虎?

—Because they’re really scary.因为它们真的吓人。

4. —Where are lions from?狮子来自哪里?

—They’re fromSouth Africa.它们来自南非。

5. Elephants can walk for a long time and never get lost.大象能走很长时间并且从不迷路。

6. They can also remember places with food and water.它们也能记住有食物和水的地方。

7. But elephants are in great danger.但是,大象处于极大危险之中。

8. People cut down many trees so elephants are losing their homes.


9. Today there are only about 3,000 elephants (over 100,000 before)


10.Isn’t she beautiful?她难道不美丽吗?



The Animal I Like

There are many kinds of animals in the world. What animal do I like? Let’s know her.

Many people like her very much. I also like her. She is fromChina. She is very cute. She doesn’t eat grass and meat at all. She eats bamboo every day. She is so nice. She is black and white. She has two big black ears and eyes. And she also has black legs and arms.

What animal is she? She is a panda. I like panda very much. Do you like her? What animal do you like?

Unit6 I’m watching TV.


1. watch TV看电视

2. read a newspaper看报纸

3. talk on the phone通过电话交谈

4. listen to music听音乐

5. use the computer使用电脑

6. make soup做汤

7. wash the dishes洗餐具

8. kind of有点儿


1. —What + be+主语+ doing? ……正在做什么?

—主语+ be + doing sth. ……正在做某事。

2. I’d love/like to do sth.我愿意做某事。

3. any other+可数名词单数其他任何一个……

4. wish to do sth.希望做某事


1. —Why are you doing?你在做什么?

—I’m watching TV.我在看电视。

2. —What’s she doing?她在做什么?

—She’s washing her clothes.她在洗她的衣服。

3. —What are they doing?他们在做什么?

—They’re listening to a CD.他们在听一张CD唱片。

4. —Are you doing your homework?你在做你的家庭作业吗?

—Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. I’m cleaning my room.是的,我在做。/不,我没有。我在打扫我的房间。

5. Zhu Hui misses his family and wishes to have his mom’s delicious zongzi.




It’s seven o’clock in the evening. Kate’s family are all at home.

Kate is doing her homework. Her father is reading a book. Her mother is watching TV. Her grandfather is listening to the radio and her grandmother is cleaning the room. Her sister, Betty, is playing computer games.

They are all enjoying themselves.

Unit7 It’s raining!


1. not bad不错

2. at the park在公园

3. take a message for…为……捎个口信

4. have a good time/have a great time/have fun/enjoy oneself过得愉快

5. call sb. back给某人回电话

6. no problem没问题

7. right now现在

8. talk on the phone通过电话交谈

9. some of ……当中的一些

10. by the pool在游泳池边

11. drink orange juice喝橙汁

12. study hard努力学习

13. on a vacation在度假

14. in the mountains在山里

15. call sb.给某人打电话

16. write to sb.给某人写信


1. tell sb. (not) to do sth.告诉某人(不要)做某事

2. have a great time/have fun + (in) doing sth.愉快地做某事

3. just right for doing sth.做某事正合适


1. How’s the weather?


2. It’s cloudy. / It’s sunny. / It’s raining.


3. How’s it going?


4. Great! /Not bad./Terrible!


5. Can I take a message for him?


6. I’m having a great time visiting my aunt inCanada.


7. My family and I are on a vacation in the mountains.


8. It’s hot in your country now, isn’t it?




The Weather inBeijing

Hello, everyone! I’m fromBeijing. Do you want to know the weather inBeijing? Now let me tell you something about the weather here.

InBeijing, spring is very short and warm. In summer, it’s very hot, but it often rains. We often go swimming in the river. In autumn, the weather is very dry and cool. We often go to the farm to work with the farmers to help them. In winter, it’s very cold, and sometimes it’s snowy and windy.

I like swimming, so summer is my favorite season.

Unit8 Is there a post office near here?


1. post office邮局

2. police station警察局

3. pay phone付费电话

4. Bridge Street桥街

5. Center Street中心大街

6. Long Street长街

7. near here附近

8. across from在……对面

9. next to挨着,靠近

10. between…and…在……和……之间

11. in front of在……前面

12. excuse me劳驾

13. far from离……远

14. go along…沿着……走

15. turn right/left向右/左转

16. on the(或one’s) right/left在(某人的)右边/左边

17. in my neighborhood在我的街区

18. look like看起来像

19. in life一生中

20. be free免费的/有空的


1. Turn right / left at the +序数词+ crossing.在第几个路口向右/左转。

2. spend +时间/金钱+ on sth.花费时间/金钱在……

spend +时间/ +金钱(in) doing sth.花费时间/金钱做某事

3. watch sb. doing观看某人正在做某事

4. enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事


1. —Is there a hospital near here?这附近有医院吗?

—Yes, there is. It’s onBridge Street.是的,有。它在桥街上。

2. —Oh… where’sCenter Street?噢……中心大街在哪里?

—It’s not too far from here.它离这儿不太远。

3. Go along Long Street and it’s on the right.沿着长街走,它在右边。

4. Turn right at the first crossing.在第一个十字路口向右转。



Where is the hotel? Let me tell you how to get there. Go down this road and then turn left. Go throughFirst Streetand Second Street. When you come toThird Street, turn right and walk on. You can see a bridge over a river. Go across the bridge. Then you can see the hotel. It’s on your right, across from the post office. You will find it.

Unit9 What does he look like?


1. short hair短发

2. long hair长发

3. curly hair卷发

4. straight hair直发

5. (be) of medium height中等个子

6. (be) of medium build中等身材

7. go to the movies去看电影

8. a little有点儿

9. look like看起来像

10. a big nose大鼻子

11. a small mouth小嘴巴

12. a round face圆脸

13. black hair黑发

14. big eyes大眼睛

15. a long face长脸

16. the same way同样的方式

17. in the end最后

18. blonde hair金黄色的头发


1. What does / do +主语+ look like? ……长得什么样?

2. sb. + be + of + medium build / height某人中等身材/个子

3. sb. + has +… hair某人留着……头发

4. sb. wears + … 某人穿着/戴着……


1. —What does he look like?他长什么样?

—He’s really tall.他真的很高。

2. —Do they have straight or curly hair?他们留直发还是卷发?

—They have curly hair.他们留卷发。

3. —Is he tall or short?他高还是矮?

—He isn’t tall or short. He’s of medium height.他不高不矮。他中等个子。

4. The man with a pair of glasses is my English teacher.那个戴眼镜的男人是我的英语老师。




Kate, a twelve –year-old girl, is lost in the street.

She is of medium height with short hair. She has a round face and small eyes. She wears a pair of glasses. She wears a white shirt, a pair of blue jeans and a pair of black sports shoes.

If anyone knows her, please call Mr. Green at 26458132. Thanks a lot.

Unit10 I’d like some noodles.


1. would like想要

2. take one’s order点菜

3. beef soup牛肉汤

4. one bowl of…一碗……

5. what size什么尺寸

6. mapo tofu with rice麻婆豆腐盖饭

7. what kind什么种类

8. small / medium / large bowl小/中/大碗

9. green tea绿茶

10. orange juice橘汁

11. around the world世界各地

12. birthday cake生日蛋糕

13. the number of… ……的数量

14. make a wish许个愿望

15. blow out吹灭

16. in one go一口气

17. come true实现

18. cut up切碎


1. would like + sth.想要某物

2. would like + to do sth.想要做某事

3. Why don’t you + do sth.?何不做某事?

4. the number of +名词复数……的数量;a number of+名词复数许多……


1. What kind of noodles would you like?你想要哪种面条?

2. I’d like beef noodles, please.我想要牛肉面。

3. What size would you like?你想要多大的?

4. I’d like a medium bowl, please.我想要一个中碗的。

5. Would you like a large bowl?你想要一个大碗的吗?

6. Yes, please.好吧。

7. If he or she blows out all the candles in one go, the wish will come true.假如他或她一口气吹灭所有的蜡烛,愿望将实现。



My Favorite Food

I’m a middle school student. I like to eat healthy food. I have milk, eggs and bread for breakfast. For lunch I would like rice, fish and vegetables. I like chicken, juice, rice and hamburgers for supper. Of all the food, my favorite food is chicken and apple juice.

Unit11 How was your school trip?


1. go for a walk去散步

2. milk a cow挤牛奶

3. ride a horse骑马

4. feed chickens喂小鸡

5. talk with与……谈话

6. take photos拍照

7. quite a lot相当多

8. show… around带领……参观

9. learn about了解

10. from… to…从……到……

11. grow strawberries种植草莓

12. pick strawberries采草莓

13. in the countryside在乡下

14. go fishing去钓鱼

15. at night在夜晚

16. a lot of许多;大量

17. come out出来

18. go on a school trip去学校郊游

19. along the way沿线

20. after that之后

21. buy sth. for sb.为某人买某物

22. all in all总的来说

23. take a / the train乘火车

24. be interested in对……感兴趣

25. not… at all根本不……


1. How + be…? + like? ……怎么样?

2. too many +可数名词复数太多的……

3. teach sb. how to do sth.教某人怎样做某事

4. quite + a / an +形容词+可数名词单数= a + very +形容+可数名词单数 一个相当/很……的……


1. —How was your school trip?你的学校郊游怎么样?

—It was great!好极了!

2. —Did you go to the zoo?你去动物园了吗?

—No, I didn’t. I went to a farm.不,没有。我去农场了。

3. —Did you see any cows?你看见一些牛奶了吗?

—Yes, I did. I saw quite a lot.是的,我看见了,我看见相当多(的牛奶)

4. —Were the strawberries good?这些草莓是好的吗?

— Yes, they were.是的,它们是。/ No, they weren’t.不,它们不是。

5. Everything was about robots and I’m not interested in that.一切都是关于机器人的,我对那方面不感兴趣。



I had a busy weekend. On Saturday morning, I did my homework, and then I played computer games. In the afternoon, I visited my grandmother. We talked for a long time.

On Sunday morning, I cleaned my room and did some reading. Then I cooked for m parents. In the afternoon, I watched a football match on TV and listened to music. I had a good time.

Unit12 What did you do last weekend?


1. do my homework做我的家庭作业

2. go to cinema去看电影

3. go boating / camping去划船/去野营

4. play badminton打羽毛球

5. on Saturday morning在星期六早上

6. work as以……身份而工作

7. have a good weekend周末过得愉快

8. kind of有点儿

9. stay up late熬夜

10. run away跑开

11. shout at对……大声叫嚷

12. fly a kite放风筝

13. high school中学

14. put up搭起,举起

15. in the countryside在乡下

16. get a surprise吃惊

17. make a fire生火

18. each other互相

19. so… that…如此……以至于……

20. go to sleep入睡

21. the next morning第二天早上

22. look out of…向……外看

23. shout to冲……呼喊

24. up and down上上下下

25. wake…up把……弄醒

26. move into…移进……

27. a swimming pool一个游泳池


1. go + doing去做某事

2. play +球类玩……球

3.时间段+ ago ……前

4. keep + sb. / sth. +形容词/副词/介词短语使……保持……

5. so +形容词/副词+ that句子如此……以至于……

6. see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在做某事

7. let sb. do sth.让某人做某事

8. start to do / doing sth.开始做某事


1. —What did you do last weekend?上个周末你做什么了?

—I did my homework. / We went boating.我做了我的家庭作业。/我们去划船了。

2. —Who visited her grandma?谁看望了她的奶奶?

— Becky did.贝姬看望了。

3. My sister finished high school two weeks ago.我的姐姐两周前中学毕业了。

4. But I was so tired that I went to sleep early.但是我是如此疲倦,以至于我很早就睡着了。



My friend Li Hua came to visit me on May Day. During the following days I showed him around the city.

We went to theGuangzhouMuseumon the morning of May 2. We learned much about the history ofGuangzhou. In the afternoon., we climbed the Baiyun Hills. It was really great fun! In the evening. I took Li Hua to the night zoo. It was interesting to see animals at night. The next day, we went to the bookshops to buy books.

Though we were very tired, we enjoyed ourselves very much.



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