学习啦 初中英语 初中英语教学课堂用语的分类和使用

初中英语教学课堂用语的分类和使用

课堂教学用语是教师组织课堂教学活动时所使用的语言,是成功课堂教学的保证之一。教师课堂教学语言的质量在某种意义上是教师基本素质的缩影。教师在使用课堂教学用语时应注意使用策略,要注意体现“人本性”,注重学生的情感因素。

教师的课堂教学用语从教学功能上可分为五大类:(招呼/问候语,提问语,反馈语,指示/演示语,告别语)。

1.招呼/问候语

教师的课堂教学实际上从其走进教室的那一刻起就开始了。A good beginning makes a good ending. 一个好的开端对于一堂课来说非常重要。教师主动、友好地同学生打招呼,不仅可以唤起学生的注意力,使其为开始上课作好准备,还可以创造一个平等、和谐、愉快的学习氛围,以保证课堂教学的顺利进行。

初中英语教学课堂用语的分类和使用
参考用语:Hi! Good morning/ afternoon.

Good morning/afternoon, class./boys and girls.

It’s so nice/I’m so happy to see you again.

Good , you look great/ wonderful today.

How are you doing?

How’s it going?

You look so happy, any good news?

OK, class/ boys and girls , are you ready to have class/begin?

(Instead of saying: “You”)

May I know your name?

(That’s a nice name.)

Could you tell me your name, please?

(You’ve got a beautiful name. I really like it. )

Shall we begin our lesson now?

Let’s start our class, shall we?

2.提问语

教师在提问时态度和声音要和蔼、可亲。提问语的使用要注意体现对学生的尊重,不要让学生感到紧张,有压力。注意提问语的使用策略可减轻学生的学习焦虑情绪,保护学生的学习积极性。

参考用语:Who’d like to answer the question?

Who can answer the question?

Who knows the answer?

Who’d like to have a try?

Would you like to try, Mary?

Tim, would you like to have a try?

Do you want to try, Lee?

Would you like a second try?

Would you like someone to help you?

Who’d like to help?

Who’d like to read the text?

Who can spell the word “…”?

Can you spell the word “…”?

Do you know the Chinese/English of the word…?

What’s the English/Chinese for “…”?

Any volunteer?

Any one/ boy/ girl?

Have I made it clear?

Is it clear to you?

You see the point?

Got it? / Did you get it?

Are you alright with it?

Are you OK with the practice?

Have you done/finished your work/exercise yet?

 

3.反馈语

反馈语是课堂教学活动的重要组成部分,是教师评价和评估学生课堂表现的重要手段,也是推动教学活动进展的有效方法。对学生英语学习的评价现在提倡多种方式和多元化。这其中反馈语是教师对学生课堂表现的一种评价方式。教师要注意树立评价意识。不仅要对学生课堂上的学习表现给予评价,对学生情感、态度的表现都应通过评价给予鼓励,达到激励学生的目的。

在使用语言行为评价时教师要注意语气和目光的注视,使学生对老师的表扬和肯定感到真切。

对学生有创意的,创新的思维火花及灵感要及时地、充分地、大大地给与肯定。不妨使用夸张些的语言。

在语言评价中教师一定要注意语言的使用及使用的策略性。教师的一句话有可能会影响学生的一生。如果教师总是说某个学生笨,这个学生有可能就会认为自己不是学习的料,因而放弃努力。当学生对自己没有信心时,教师的一句鼓励的话,就有可能激励他获得成功。因此,教师在课堂上一定要注意所使用的语言,要注意体现反馈语的“人本性”,注重学生的情感因素。

反馈语可分为肯定式评语、参与式评语和启发式纠错。

(1)肯定式评语

教师在使用肯定式评语对学生的课堂表现进行肯定和表扬时,一定要让学生感到老师是在由衷地夸奖他。要避免敷衍和流于形式。不要滥用‘Good’。有的老师过多地单一使用 ‘Good’ 评价学生的表现,很难使学生从中受到激励,激发学习的积极性。

参考用语:Not bad. Thank you. (I’m sure you can do better next time.)

Good!Thank you. (I could see you’ve practiced a lot.)

Good boy/ girl . That’s a good answer. Thank you.

Quite good! (I really appreciate your effort.)

Very good!(I really enjoy it.)

Great! (You did a good job.)

Excellent! (Let’s give him/her a big hand!)

Wonderful!(I’m so proud of you.)

Well done! (Good boy/girl.)

Your answer is very good! (I admire your work.)

Nice going! (You make a great progress.)

对学生有创意的、创新的思维火花及灵感,发言中的闪光点的肯定可以使用以下的用语:

What a bright idea! Thank you.That’s a great answer. (I really like it.)

You did a good job! (We’re so proud of you!)

Good point! (I really enjoy it.)

Good job! (I’m very pleased with your work.)

Smart! (What an adorable baby!)

Clever! (I envy you very much。 )

Perfect! (You’re very professional.)

You are such a smart boy/girl!

You got sharp eyes/ears.

I couldn’t believe my ears!

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